A recent study by the
Of the 1.06 million Chinese who have traveled overseas to study since 1978, only 275,000 have returned.
In 2005, 118,500 students left
All told, according to CASS, the Chinese diaspora holds 35 million people scattered in more than 150 countries, making
Yang Xiaojing, one of the authors of the study, said to the China Daily, ‘This shows that Chinese students overseas, especially those with extraordinary abilities, are a real hit in the global tug-of-war for talent. While strictly controlling the inflow of foreign labor to protect the interests of their domestic workforce, most developed countries spare no effort to attract the best talent from around the world.
‘Against a backdrop of economic globalization, an excessive brain drain will inevitably threaten the human-resources security and eventually the national economic and social security of any country.’
The government is offering incentives for students and professionals to return. It does not appear to have worked desperately well.
The CASS study said, ‘Of the many reasons for the brain drain of Chinese students, huge social and economic gaps in terms of personal income, employment opportunities, working conditions, research facilities and living standards are the main ones.’ The students in the illustration, in Michigan , look singularly contented.
No doubt a